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Saturday 01 November 2003

Langerhans cells beta 2-adrenoceptors: role in migration, cytokine production, Th priming and contact hypersensitivity.

By: Maestroni GJ, Mazzola P.

J Neuroimmunol 2003 Nov;144(1-2):91-9

We showed that norepinephrine (NE) hampers IL-12 and stimulates IL-10 production via adrenoceptors (ARs) in bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDC) influencing their Th priming ability. Others have shown that Langerhans cells (LC) express mRNA for beta1-, beta2- and alpha1(A)-(ARs) and that catecholamines may inhibit the antigen-presenting capability via beta2-ARs. Here, we show that also BMDC express mRNA for beta1-, beta2-, alpha2(A)- and alpha2(C)-ARs. Inhibition of IL-12 is mediated by both beta2- and alpha2(A)-ARs, while stimulation of IL-10 by beta2-ARs only. In addition, LC migration, the contact hypersensitivity response (CHS) and production of IFN-gamma and IL-2 in draining lymph node cells is increased in mice treated topically with the beta2-AR antagonist ICI 118,551 during FITC sensitization. Activation of beta2-ARs in BMDC before adoptive transfer could reduce both migration and CHS response to FITC. Finally, preincubation of BMDC with LPS in presence of the specific beta2-AR agonist salbutamol impaired their chemotactic response to CCL19 and CCL21 and this effect was neutralized by anti-IL-10 mAb. We suggest that the physiological activation of beta2-ARs in DC (LC) results in stimulation of IL-10 which in turn restrains DC (LC) migration influencing antigen presentation and the consequent CHS response.

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