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Monday 01 December 2003

The functional role of beta-adrenoceptor subtypes in mediating relaxation of pig urethral smooth muscle.

By: Yamanishi T, Chapple CR, Yasuda K, Yoshida K, Chess-Williams R.

J Urol 2003 Dec;170(6 Pt 1):2508-11

PURPOSE: The predominant beta-adrenoceptor subtype present in the bladder and urethra is beta3-adrenoceptors. We investigated the role of beta-adrenoceptors in mediating relaxation of the in vitro female pig urethra. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Circular strips of urethral tissues were pre-contracted with KCl. Concentration-relaxation curves (CRCs) to beta-adrenoceptor agonists were obtained in the absence and presence of antagonists. RESULTS: The nonselective beta-agonist isoproterenol in 30 animals and the beta3-adrenoceptor agonist BRL37344 in 4 relaxed with high potency (pEC50 7.2 and 8.1, respectively), while the beta2-adrenoceptor agonist salbutamol in 6 had low potency (pEC50 6.1). Mean maximal relaxation responses of BRL37344 and salbutamol relative to maximal isoproterenol responses were 89.8% and 76.7%, respectively. Propranolol (10 to 100 nM) in 18 animals antagonized CRCs to isoproterenol with high affinity (apparent pKB 8.6) but the Schild plot had a slope that was significantly less than unity (0.68, p <0.01). High concentrations of the beta1-antagonist CGP20712A (3 to 30 microM) in 12 animals had no effect on responses to isoproterenol. The beta2-antagonist ICI118551 (30 to 300 nM) in 25 animals antagonized responses to isoproterenol with high affinity (apparent pKB 8.03) with a Schild slope not different from unity (0.79). The beta3-antagonist SR59230A (10 to 100 nM) in 12 animals antagonized CRCs to isoproterenol with an apparent pKB of 7 and with a Schild slope that was again significantly less than unity (0.62, p <0.01), indicating that responses to isoproterenol are mediated by more than 1 beta-adrenoceptor subtype. According to the Schild plot of unity ICI118551 (3 to 30 nM) in 18 animals competitively antagonized responses to salbutamol with high affinity (pA2 8.5). CONCLUSIONS: In the pig urethra beta-adrenoceptor mediated relaxations to isoproterenol are mediated via beta2 and beta3-adrenoceptors, while responses to beta2-adrenoceptor agonists such as salbutamol appear to be mediated only via beta2-adrenoceptors.

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