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Saturday 01 December 2001

Formoterol Turbuhaler 4.5 microg (delivered dose) has a rapid onset and 12-h duration of bronchodilation.

By: Selroos O, Ekstrom T.

Pulm Pharmacol Ther 2002;15(2):175-83

Clinical trials show that formoterol (Oxis) Turbuhaler 4.5 microg delivered dose (6 microg metered dose) has a rapid onset of bronchodilation similar to that of salbutamol and a 12-h duration of action. Maximum increase in FEV(1) and duration of bronchodilation are dose-dependent, the 4.5 microg dose being the lowest dose tested giving both effects.Clinical studies investigating onset of bronchodilation show a significant increase in specific airway conductance occurring within 1 min after inhalation of formoterol Turbuhaler 4.5 microg. When measured from 3-20 min after inhalation, formoterol Turbuhaler 4.5 microg showed similar increases in FEV(1) to salbutamol administered via pMDI. No difference in onset of bronchodilation was observed between the formoterol Turbuhaler 4.5 and 9 microg doses.Single-dose studies and studies of 1-12 weeks' duration show that formoterol Turbuhaler 4.5 microg produces a significant and clinically important mean bronchodilating effect for > or =12 h after inhalation. In the cited studies no significant differences in duration of bronchodilation were observed between the formoterol Turbuhaler 4.5 and 9 microg doses.Conclusion: clinical data show that formoterol Turbuhaler 4.5 microg is an effective dose in patients with asthma, with a rapid onset of bronchodilation and a duration of at least 12 h. Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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