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Sunday 01 December 2002

Inhibition by fenoterol of human eosinophil functions including beta2-adrenoceptor-independent actions.

By: Tachibana A, Kato M, Kimura H, Fujiu T, Suzuki M, Morikawa A.

Clin Exp Immunol 2002 Dec;130(3):415-23

Agonists at beta2 adrenoceptors are used widely as bronchodilators in treating bronchial asthma. These agents also may have important anti-inflammatory effects on eosinophils in asthma. We examined whether widely prescribed beta2-adrenoceptor agonists differ in ability to suppress stimulus-induced eosinophil effector functions such as superoxide anion (O2-) generation and degranulation. To examine involvement of cellular adhesion in such responses, we also investigated effects of beta2 agonists on cellular adhesion and on CD11b expression by human eosinophils. O2- was measured using chemiluminescence. Eosinophil degranulation and adhesion were assessed by a radioimmunoassay for eosinophil protein X (EPX). CD11b expression was measured by flow cytometry. Fenoterol inhibited platelet-activating factor (PAF)-induced O2- generation by eosinophils significantly more than salbutamol or procaterol. Fenoterol partially inhibited PAF-induced degranulation by eosinophils similarly to salbutamol or procaterol. Fenoterol inhibited phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-induced O2- generation and degranulation by eosinophils, while salbutamol or procaterol did not. Fenoterol inhibition of PMA-induced O2- generation was not reversed by ICI-118551, a selective beta2-adrenoceptor antagonist. Fenoterol, but not salbutamol or procaterol, significantly inhibited PAF-induced eosinophil adhesion. Fenoterol inhibited O2- generation and degranulation more effectively than salbutamol or procaterol; these effects may include a component involving cellular adhesion. Inhibition also might include a component not mediated via beta2 adrenoceptors.

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