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Wednesday 15 March 2000

Effect of the beta-adrenoceptor agonist flerobuterol on serotonin synthesis in the rat brain.

By: Tsuiki K, Blier P, Diksic M.

Biochem Pharmacol 2000 Mar 15;59(6):673-9

The influence of 2- and 14-day treatments with flerobuterol, a preferential beta(2)-adrenoceptor agonist, on regional serotonin (5-HT) synthesis in the rat brain was studied by autoradiography using alpha-[(14)C]methyl-L-tryptophan. Flerobuterol was delivered at a rate of 0.5 mg/kg/day using osmotic pumps implanted s.c. The 2-day flerobuterol treatment significantly increased plasma Trp, both free and total, and decreased plasma Leu and Ile. This resulted in a significant increase in the facilitated transport of Trp. There was a significant increase in the synthesis of 5-HT in the 2-day treatment group in the dorsal and median raphe as well as in all postsynaptic structures, with the exception of the hypothalamus. In contrast, after a 14-day treatment, the enhanced facilitated transport of Trp was no longer present, and the increase in the rate of 5-HT synthesis persisted only in the parietal and occipital cortex and the superior colliculus. These data suggest that flerobuterol, similar to other beta-adrenergic agonists, acutely increases 5-HT synthesis, in part, through an elevation of brain Trp availability.

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