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Saturday 01 April 2000

Modulation of airway caliber by deep inhalation in children.

By: Milanese M, Mondino C, Tosca M, Canonica GW, Brusasco V.

J Appl Physiol 2000 Apr;88(4):1259-64

To elucidate whether deep inhalation (DI) modulates changes in airway caliber in childhood, we measured the effect of DI on respiratory impedance before and after inhaled methacholine or salbutamol in 4- to 7-yr-old children (n = 15) suffering from recurrent wheezing. In all children, the real part of impedance between 12 and 16 Hz (Re[Z](12-16)) increased after methacholine from 5.6 +/- 1.2 to 8.2 +/- 1.6 cmH(2)O. l(-1). s (P < 0.001) and resonance frequency from 18 +/- 3 to 25 +/- 5 Hz (P < 0.001). These changes were partially reversed by DI: Re[Z](12-16) decreased to 7.2 +/- 1.2 cmH(2)O. l(-1). s (P < 0.01) and resonance frequency to 19 +/- 5 Hz (P < 0.001). In nine children, on a separate occasion, Re[Z](12-16) decreased after salbutamol from 8.3 +/- 1.9 to 5.1 +/- 0.9 cmH(2)O. l(-1). s (P < 0.001) and resonance frequency from 21 +/- 6 to 15 +/- 3 Hz (P < 0.05). The decrease of Re[Z](12-16) was partially reversed by DI (to 6.2 +/- 1.4 cmH(2)O. l(-1). s, P < 0. 01), but resonance frequency did not change significantly (P = 0.75). We conclude that in 4- to 7-yr-old children pharmacologically induced changes in airway caliber are modulated by DI. These findings suggest that airway-to-parenchyma interdependence is operative in this age range.

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