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Tuesday 01 February 2000

Hollow porous particles in metered dose inhalers.

By: Dellamary LA, Tarara TE, Smith DJ, Woelk CH, Adractas A, Costello ML, Gill H, Weers JG.

Pharm Res 2000 Feb;17(2):168-74

PURPOSE: To assess the physical stability and aerosol characteristics of suspensions of hollow porous microspheres (PulmoSpheres) in HFA-134a. METHODS: Cromolyn sodium, albuterol sulfate, and formoterol fumarate microspheres were prepared by a spray-drying method. Particle size and morphology were determined via electron microscopy. Particle aggregation and suspension creaming times were assessed visually, and aerosol performance was determined via Andersen cascade impaction and dose uniformity studies. RESULTS: The hollow porous particle morphology allows the propellant to permeate freely within the particles creating a novel form of suspension termed a homodispersion, wherein the dispersed and continuous phases are identical, separated by an insoluble interfacial layer of drug and excipient. Homodispersion formation improves suspension stability by minimizing the difference in density between the particles and the medium, and by reducing attractive forces between particles. The improved physical stability leads to excellent dose uniformity. Excellent aerosolization efficiencies are also observed with PulmoSpheres formulations, with fine particle fractions of about 70%. CONCLUSIONS: The formation of hollow porous particles provides a new formulation technology for stabilizing suspensions of drugs in hydrofluoroalkane propellants with improved physical stability, content uniformity, and aerosolization efficiency.

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