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Thursday 01 June 2000

Equivalence of as-required salbutamol propelled by propellants 11 and 12 or HFA 134a in mild to moderate asthmatics. German Study Group.

By: Baumgarten CR, Dorow P, Weber HH, Gebhardt R, Kettner J, Sykes AP.

Respir Med 2000 Jun;94 Suppl B:S17-21

This randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study compared the efficacy and tolerability of as-required salbutamol 100 microg administered from either a chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) pressurized metered dose inhaler (pMDI; Ventolin) or from a non-CFC hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) 134a pMDI (Ventolin CFC-free) in patients with mild to moderate asthma. All patients (n = 423) continued with their standard asthma therapy, and recorded their daily use of study medication, morning and evening peak expiratory flow (PEF) and symptom scores, throughout the 4-week treatment period. Clinic lung function was measured at 2-week intervals. The median daily use of inhaled study medication remained constant at four actuations per day throughout the study in both treatment groups and statistical analysis indicated that the two formulations were equivalent. Small improvements in both treatment groups were reported in mean morning and evening PEF, clinic forced expiratory volume in 1 sec and clinic PEF and there were no significant differences between the two groups. Both formulations were well tolerated. This study indicates that as-required salbutamol 100 microg administered via a HFA 134a pMDI is as effective and safe as the currently available CFC-propelled formulation.

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