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Friday 18 August 2000

Involvement of K(+) channel in procainamide-induced relaxation of bovine tracheal smooth muscle.

By: Nakahara T, Moriuchi H, Yunoki M, Kubota Y, Tanaka Y, Sakamato K, Shigenobu K, Ishii K.

Eur J Pharmacol 2000 Aug 18;402(1-2):143-9

The relaxant effect of procainamide, a class Ia antiarrhythmic agent, was examined in bovine tracheal smooth muscle. Procainamide produced concentration-dependent decreases in tension and full relaxation in the preparations contracted with methacholine (0.3 microM). By comparison, in preparations contracted with 40 mM K(+), procainamide had only slight relaxant effects. The relaxant effects of cromakalim and salbutamol on 40 mM K(+)-contracted preparations were significantly (P<0.01) smaller than those on 0.3 microM methacholine-contracted ones. On the other hand, the concentration-response relationships for quinidine, lidocaine, mexiletine and propafenone were not so dramatically different between 0.3 microM methacholine- and 40 mM K(+)-contracted preparations. Tetraethylammonium (300 microM), iberiotoxin (30 nM) and Ba(2+) (1 mM) significantly (P<0.05) attenuated the relaxant effects of procainamide on methacholine-induced contractions, whereas apamin (100 nM), 4-aminopyridine (300 microM), and glibenclamide (10 microM) did not affect them. The inhibitory effect of a combination of iberiotoxin and Ba(2+) was greater than that of iberiotoxin or Ba(2+) alone (P<0.01). These results suggest that the activation of at least two types of K(+) (maxi-K(+) and inward rectifier K(+)) channels contributes to the procainamide-induced relaxation of bovine tracheal smooth muscle.

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