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Tuesday 01 August 2000

Persistent asthma: patient characteristics, courses of asthma, and utility of salmeterol.

By: Mathison DA, Koziol JA.

J Asthma 2000 Aug;37(5):441-50

Applications of National Asthma and Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma may reduce the morbidity of this disorder. Medical records and questionnaires from a series of 177 outer-city adolescents and adults with persistent asthma were audited according to NAEPP guidelines and for utility of salmeterol (Serevent). Allergic sensitivity and exposure to indoor allergens house-dust mite (66% of patients), fungi (42%), cat (20%) and/or dog (14%) were of dominant importance to persistent asthma. Patients who continued salmeterol over 1 year had reduced severity of disease, improved forced expiratory flow at 25%-75% of vital capacity, and reduced usage of systemic, but not inhaled, corticosteroid.

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