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Sunday 01 October 2000

Cell-enlargement-related polypeptides are induced via beta(1)-adrenoceptors in mouse parotids.

By: Gonzalez MJ, Pena y Lillo S, Alliende C, Lopez Solis RO.

Exp Mol Pathol 2000 Oct;69(2):91-101

Induction of cell and gland enlargement (growth-in-size) and induction of a group of secretory polypeptides (polypeptides C-G) seem to occur in close relationship in mouse parotid glands stimulated chronically by the nonselective beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol. To determine whether beta(1), beta(2), or both subtypes of beta-adrenergic receptors are involved in those responses, dose-dependency studies were carried out during a 7-day period of daily stimulations to assess the relative abilities of the selective beta-adrenergic agonists dobutamine (beta(1)) and salbutamol (beta(2)) to induce polypeptides C-G and growth-in-size. The relative abilities of the selective beta-adrenoceptor antagonists atenolol (beta(1)) and I.C.I. 118.551 (beta(2)) to interfere with the induction of both responses by chronic treatment with the various beta-adrenergic agonists were also studied. Parotid growth-in-size was assessed by evaluating wet weight, whole protein content, and light microscopy histology. The presence of polypeptides C-G was evaluated after SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Coomassie blue staining. Under these experimental conditions, dobutamine was found to be at least one order of magnitude more potent than salbutamol at inducing growth-in-size. Dobutamine was also found to be clearly stronger than salbutamol as an inducer of polypeptides C-G. On the other hand, atenolol was more effective than I.C.I. 118.551 at preventing the induction of polypeptides C-G and growth-in-size by isoproterenol, dobutamine, or salbutamol. Taken together, these results suggest that in mouse parotid glands, polypeptides C-G and growth-in-size are induced preferentially via adrenergic receptors of the beta(1)-subtype. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

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