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Monday 01 May 2006

[Comparison of different vehicles for nebulized salbutamol in treatment of bronchial asthma exacerbations: a Meta-analysis]

By: Lu XY, Zhou JY.

Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2006 May;35(3):336-41

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of two vehicles for nebulized salbutamol in treatment of asthma exacerbations with Meta-analysis. METHODS: All relevant randomized controlled clinical trials (RCT) with isotonic magnesium sulphate and saline as vehicles for inhaled salbutamol in treatment of asthma exacerbations were searched. A Meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the results of the two therapies. RESULT: Five relevant RCTs from literature were collected and total 219 cases were included for analysis. The meta-analysis indicated that the significant improvements were obtained from isotonic magnesium sulphate as a vehicle for nebulized salbutamol, in comparison with saline [pooled standardized mean difference (SMD)=0.55(95% CI 0.28 - 0.83), P <0.001]. By further subgroup analysis, this change was properly significant in the subgroup of severe patients with their baseline FEV1% <30% [FEV1 weighted mean difference (WMD)=0.72 L(95% CI 0.30 L - 1.14 L), P <0.01]. The pooled results of vital signs between two vehicles did not demonstrate statistical significance. Overall, the risk of admission to hospital was not statistically reduced in patients using magnesium sulphate, who presented to the emergency department with an asthma exacerbation [pooled RR=0.64(95% CI 0.38 - 1.08), P >0.05]. CONCLUSION: Compared with saline,the use of isotonic magnesium sulfate as an adjuvant to nebulize salbutamol is a beneficial therapy with improving spirometric airway function in the severe asthma exacerbation.

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