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Friday 27 October 2000

L-750355, a human beta3-adrenoceptor agonist; in vitro pharmacology and profile of activity in vivo in the rhesus monkey.

By: Forrest MJ, Hom G, Bach T, Candelore MR, Cascieri MA, Strader C, Tota L, Fisher MH, Szumiloski J, Ok HO, Weber AE, Wyvratt M, Vicario P, Marko O, Deng L, Cioffe C, Hegarty-Friscino B, MacIntyre E.

Eur J Pharmacol 2000 Oct 27;407(1-2):175-81

The profile of in vitro and in vivo biology of a human beta3-adrenoceptor agonist, (S)-N-[4-[2-[[3[(2-amino-5-pyridinyl)oxy]-2-hydroxy-propyl]amino]-eth yl]-phenyl]-4-isopropylbenzenesulfonamide, L-750355, is described. Using cloned human and rhesus beta1-, beta2- and beta3-adrenoceptors, expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, L-750355 was shown to be a potent, albeit partial, agonist for the human (EC(50)=10 nM; % maximal receptor activation=49%) and rhesus (EC(50)=28 nM; % maximal receptor activation=34%) beta3-adrenoceptors. Furthermore, L-750355 stimulates lipolysis in rhesus adipocytes in vitro. L-750355 is a weak partial agonist (EC(50)=3.2 microM; % maximal receptor activation=33% ) for the human beta1-adrenoceptor but exhibits no agonist activity for rhesus beta1- or beta2-adrenoceptors of either human or rhesus origin. Administration of L-750355 to anesthetized rhesus monkeys, as a series of rising dose intravenous infusions, evokes dose-dependent glycerolemia and tachycardia with no change in mean arterial blood pressure or plasma potassium. The dose-response curve for L-750355-induced glycerolemia lies to the left of that for tachycardia. Propranolol, at a dose (0.3 mg/kg, i.v. ) that attenuates isoproterenol-induced changes in heart rate and glycerolemia, abolished L-750355-induced tachycardia but had no effect on L-750355-induced glycerolemia.

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