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Sunday 01 April 2001

Permeability of endothelial monolayers to albumin is increased by bradykinin and inhibited by prostaglandins.

By: Farmer PJ, Bernier SG, Lepage A, Guillemette G, Regoli D, Sirois P.

Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 2001 Apr;280(4):L732-8

Using monolayers of bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) in modified Boyden chambers, we examined the role of prostaglandins (PGs) in the bradykinin (BK)-induced increase of albumin permeability. BK induced a concentration-dependent increase of the permeability of BAEC, which reached 49.9 +/- 1% at the concentration of 10(-8) M. Two inhibitors of the prostaglandin G/H synthase, indomethacin (2.88 microM) and ibuprofen (10 microM), potentiated BK-induced permeability 1.8- and 3.9-fold, respectively. Exogenously administered PGE2 and iloprost, a stable analog of prostacyclin, attenuated the effect of BK in a concentration-dependent manner. Butaprost equally reduced the effect of BK, suggesting the participation of the EP2 receptor in this phenomenon. However, the EP4-selective antagonist AH-23848 did not significantly inhibit the protective effect of PGE2. The inhibitory effect of PGE2 was reversed by the adenylate cyclase inhibitor MDL-12330A (10 microM). These results suggest that BK-induced increase of permeability of BAEC monolayer to (125)I-labeled albumin is negatively regulated by PGs. This postulated autocrine activity of PGs may involve an increase in the intracellular level of cAMP.

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