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Friday 23 March 2001

Functional properties of atypical beta-adrenoceptors on the guinea pig duodenum.

By: Horinouchi T, Koike K.

Eur J Pharmacol 2001 Mar 23;416(1-2):153-63

In this study, we attempted to further characterize atypical beta-adrenoceptors on the guinea pig duodenum. (-)-Enantiomers of isoprenaline and noradrenaline were more potent than its (+)-enantiomers. The isomeric activity ratios ((+)/(-)) were less than those obtained in the guinea pig atria and trachea. The concentration-response curves to catecholamines ((-)-isoprenaline, (-)-noradrenaline and (-)-adrenaline), to the selective beta(3)-adrenoceptor agonist, BRL37344 ((R*, R*)-(+/-)-4-[2-[(2-(3-chlorophenyl)-2-hydroxyethyl)amino]propyl]phenoxyacetic acid sodium), and to the non-conventional partial beta(3)-adrenoceptor agonist, (+/-)-CGP12177A ((+/-)-[4-[3-[(1,1-dimethylethyl)amino]-2-hydroxypropoxy]-1,3-dihydro-2H-benzimidazol-2-one] hydrochloride), were resistant to blockade by (+/-)-pindobind, the beta-adrenoceptor alkylating agent. (-)-Noradrenaline and (-)-adrenaline were more potent than dopamine and (-)-phenylephrine, respectively. Selective beta(2)-adrenoceptor agonists possess agonistic activities at atypical beta-adrenoceptors. (+/-)-Propranolol and (+/-)-bupranolol had no agonistic effect, whereas (+/-)-alprenolol, (+/-)-pindolol, (+/-)-nadolol, (+/-)-CGP12177A and (+/-)-carteolol exhibited agonistic activities at atypical beta-adrenoceptors. These results suggest that pharmacological properties of atypical beta-adrenoceptors differ from those of conventional beta(1)- and beta(2)-adrenoceptors on the guinea pig.

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