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Thursday 01 February 2001

Quantitative determination of clenbuterol, salbutamol and tulobuterol enantiomers by capillary electrophoresis.

By: Vela J, Yanes EG, Stalcup AM.

Fresenius J Anal Chem 2001 Feb;369(3-4):212-9

Enantiomers of clenbuterol, salbutamol and tulobuterol were directly separated and quantitated from a spiked sample by capillary electrophoresis (CE) using sulfaited beta-cyclodextrin (SCD) as chiral selector and phosphate as running buffer. The SCD and buffer concentration, pH and field strength were the parameters studied to optimize the separation. Optimal separation was obtained using 50 mM of phosphate monobasic at pH = 2.24, 0.25% (w/w) of sulfated cyclodextrin and a field strength of 10 kV, with 20 min total time analysis. Comparison between two different injection modes (hydrodynamic and electrokinetic) was made. In the hydrodynamic mode, repeatability (expressed as relative standard deviation, RSD) was less than 1.2% for migration times for all the analyte peaks and less than 2% for peak area percentages. With respect to reproducibility, RSD was less than 3.8% for migration time and less than 3% for peak area percentages. Calibration curves were set up for two different sample concentration ranges (1 to 10 microg mL(-1) and 160-800 ng mL(-1), of each of the racemates studied). Although the electrokinetic injection mode for an aqueous sample appeared to suffer from some enantiodiscrimination, calibration curves were linear in the range between 1 and 10 ng mL(-1) with regression coefficients ranging from 0.9996 to 0.9952. As in the case of hydrodynamic injection, the method was tested with a spiked sample.

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