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Friday 06 April 2001

Requirement of additional adenylate cyclase activation for the inhibition of human eosinophil degranulation by phosphodiesterase IV inhibitors.

By: Ezeamuzie CI.

Eur J Pharmacol 2001 Apr 6;417(1-2):11-8

Human eosinophils contain predominantly phosphodiesterase type IV, but selective inhibitors of this isoenzyme fail to inhibit certain eosinophil responses such as degranulation. In this study, the effect of activation of adenylate cyclase on the ability of several highly selective PDE IV inhibitors to inhibit complement C5a-induced O2- release and degranulation of human eosinophils in vitro was investigated. All four selective PDE IV inhibitors, N-(3,5-dichloropyrid-4-yl)-3-cyclopentyl-oxy-4-methoxybenzamide (RP 73401), rolipram, N-(3,5-dichloropyrid-4-yl)-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-5-hydroxy-indol-3-yl]glyoxylacidamide (AWD 12-281) and c-4-cyano-4-(3-cyclopentyloxy-4-methoxyphenyl-r-1-cyclohexane carboxylic acid) (SB 207499) potently inhibited C5a-induced O2- generation (IC50 = 0.03, 0.42, 0.55 and 0.86 microM, respectively), but generally failed to inhibit degranulation. The only exception was AWD 12-281, which inhibited degranulation (IC50 = 16.2 microM). In the presence of different AC activators (histamine, salbutamol, prostaglandin E2 and forskolin), the PDE IV inhibitors became potent inhibitors of degranulation. The interaction between the PDE IV inhibitors and the AC activators resulted in a synergistic increase in intracellular levels of adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cAMP). These results show that PDE IV inhibitors generally require an additional cAMP signal to be able to inhibit eosinophil degranulation, and that this signal can be generated via both membrane receptors and direct AC activation. This may be relevant to the in vivo effectiveness of PDE IV inhibitors in eosinophilic inflammation.

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