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Friday 13 April 2001

Up-regulation of uncoupling proteins by beta-adrenergic stimulation in L6 myotubes.

By: Nagase I, Yoshida T, Saito M.

FEBS Lett 2001 Apr 13;494(3):175-80

Catecholamine-induced and beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR)-mediated thermogenesis in skeletal muscle is a significant component of whole-body energy expenditure. Skeletal muscle expresses uncoupling protein (UCP) 2 and UCP3, which can dissipate the transmitochondrial electrochemical gradient and thereby may be involved in regulation of energy metabolism. We investigated the effects of beta-AR stimulation on UCP2 and UCP3 expression in L6 myotubes. Stimulation of the cells with epinephrine increased the UCP3 mRNA level transiently at 6 h, and also the UCP2 mRNA level at 6-24 h. The stimulatory effects of epinephrine were also observed in the presence of carbacyclin and 9-cis retinoic acid, and mimicked by isoproterenol and salbutamol (beta2-AR agonists), but abolished by propranolol and ICI-118,551 (beta2-AR antagonists). Pharmacological and mRNA analyses revealed the existence of beta2-AR, but not beta1- and beta3-ARs, in L6 myotubes. These results suggested that catecholamines up-regulate UCP2 and UCP3 expression through direct action on the beta2-AR in skeletal muscle.

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