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Tuesday 01 May 2001

beta(1)- and beta(2)-Adrenoceptor-mediated thermogenesis and lipid utilization in obese and lean men.

By: Schiffelers SL, Saris WH, Boomsma F, van Baak MA.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001 May;86(5):2191-9

The aim of this study was to elucidate the roles of the beta(1)- and the beta(2)-adrenoceptors in thermogenesis and lipid utilization in obesity. The beta(1)-adrenoceptor study was performed in 9 obese and 10 lean men and consisted of 4 30-min periods during which subjects received consecutive infusions of 0, 3, 6, and 9 microg/kg fat-free mass (FFM).min dobutamine. Energy expenditure, lipid oxidation, and plasma nonesterified fatty acids and glycerol concentrations increased similarly in both groups during beta(1)-adrenergic stimulation. The beta(2)-adrenoceptor study was performed in 10 obese and 11 lean men and involved 3 45-min periods during which 0, 50, and 100 ng/kg FFM.min salbutamol were given in combination 1.2 microg/kg FFM.min atenolol (bolus, 50 microg/kg FFM). During beta(2)-adrenergic stimulation, the increases in energy expenditure and plasma nonesterified fatty acids and glycerol concentrations were reduced in the obese group. Furthermore, lipid oxidation significantly increased in the normal weight group, but remained similar in the overweight group. In conclusion, these data suggest that beta(1)-adrenoceptor-mediated metabolic processes are similar in both groups, but beta(2)-adrenoceptor-mediated increases in thermogenesis and lipid utilization are impaired in the obese.

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