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Monday 01 January 2001

Serum potassium levels, CPK-MB and ECG in children suffering asthma treated with beclomethasone or beclomethasone-salmeterol.

By: Del Rio-Navarro BE, Sienra-Monge JJ, Alvarez-Amador M, Reyes-Ruiz N, Arevalo-Salas A, Berber A.

Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2001 Jan-Feb;29(1):16-21

Asthma morbidity and mortality has increased. One of the possible causes is the excessive use of beta agonists. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of six week treatment with beclomethasone alone (Ibec) or the combination of beclomethasone-salmeterol (Ibe + Isal) on serum potassium (K), CPK-MB and ECG in children suffering asthma. It was a prospective, randomised, open cross-over trial. Patients received either Ib2 (2 puff/12 hr, 100 micrograms per puff) or Ibe + Isal (B 2 puff/12 hr, 100 micrograms per puff and S 2 puff/12 hr, 25 micrograms per puff) with dose meter inhaler by 6 weeks, with a four-week wash-out period between the treatments. K, CPK-MB and ECG were assessed at baseline, and after each treatment period. There were 9 girls and 20 boys, aged 11 +/- 2.18 (mean +/- SD) years, baseline K was 4.57 +/- 0.43 mEq/l, after B K 4.38 +/- 0.39 IU and after BS K 4.38 +/- 0.40. The CPK-MB level were baseline 14.75 +/- 4.5, after B 20.10 +/- 6.9 and after BS 21 +/- 8.05 (p < 0.05). Baseline QTc was 0.416 +/- 0.02 msec, after B 0.425 +/- 0.027, and after BS 0.415 +/- 0.029. We conclude that the treatment of children with asthma with 400 micrograms per day of Ibec or concomitantly with 100 micrograms of Isal for 6 weeks does not alter the serum K+ or the QTc. However, the CPK-MB has a significant increment with both treatments but without clinical and/or ECG changes. We can't affirm that Ibec or Ibec plus Isal have a cardiotoxic side-effect by the only presence of high levels of CPK-MB. We agree that it is necessary a close follow up of these apparently asymptomatic patients not induce important cardiovascular changes although CPK-MB was increased.

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