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Thursday 01 November 2001

Mexiletine inhibits pharmacological actions of salbutamol through blockade of beta2-adrenoceptors in bovine tracheal smooth muscle.

By: Nakahara T, Kubota Y, Sakamato K, Moriuchi H, Yunoki M, Ishii K.

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 2001 Nov;364(5):409-13

We examined the effects of mexiletine, a class Ib antiarrhythmic drug, on the changes in tension and adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) content induced by salbutamol and forskolin in bovine tracheal smooth muscle. Salbutamol (0.0001-1 microM) produced concentration-dependent relaxation in bovine tracheal smooth muscle contracted with methacholine (0.3 microM). Mexiletine (5-500 microM) caused the rightward shifts of concentration-response curves for the relaxant responses to salbutamol in a concentration-dependent manner. Mexiletine (5, 50 or 500 microM) did not change basal cAMP levels, whereas it concentration-dependently attenuated the salbutamol (0.1 microM)-induced cAMP accumulation. On the other hand, mexiletine (500 microM) did not change the concentration-response curves for the relaxant responses to forskolin (0.001-10 microM). Mexiletine slightly but significantly (P<0.05) increased forskolin (1 microM)-induced cAMP accumulation. In radioligand binding experiments, mexiletine concentration-dependently displaced the specific binding of [125I]cyanopindolol to beta-adrenoceptors on bovine tracheal smooth muscle membranes. By contrast, lidocaine, another class Ib antiarrhythmic drug, did not change the binding of [125I]cyanopindolol. These results demonstrate that mexiletine prevents the binding of beta2-adrenoceptor agonists to their receptors and thereby suppresses manifestation of subsequent pharmacological responses.

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