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Wednesday 01 November 2006

Same efficacies of ipratropium and salbutamol in reversing methacholine-induced bronchoconstriction.

By: Delpierre S, Guillot C, Badier M.

J Asthma 2006 Nov;43(9):679-85

Efficacy of salbutamol (S) was compared to that of ipratropium (I) or to their association, after methacholine challenge testing (MCT). MCT was performed in 4 groups of 10 patients suspected to suffer from asthma; mean changes in FEV1, maximal midexpiratory flow rate (MMFR), and airway resistance (Raw) were the same in all groups. After MCT, the group 1 patients inhaled S and then I, 10 min later; both drugs were given in the reverse order to the group 2 patients. The group 3 patients inhaled a mixture of both drugs just after MCT; the group 4 patients were not given any bronchodilator till the 20th min after MCT, when they inhaled S. Short-term (10 min) bronchodilator effects of S, I or S + I on spirometric variables were of the same magnitude and Raw returned to its baseline value. Further improvement (10-20 min) in FEV1 was mainly due to spontaneous recovery, whereas further increase in MMFR was due also to bronchodilator actions of drugs. It is concluded that ipratropium could be proposed as an alternative bronchodilator to salbutamol after MCT.

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