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Friday 01 July 2005

Interleukin-10-secreting "regulatory" T cells induced by glucocorticoids and beta2-agonists.

By: Peek EJ, Richards DF, Faith A, Lavender P, Lee TH, Corrigan CJ, Hawrylowicz CM.

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 2005 Jul;33(1):105-11

Greater clinical benefit in controlling the symptoms of asthma is frequently observed through combining moderate doses of inhaled glucocorticoids together with long-acting beta(2)-agonists, as compared with increasing glucocorticoid dosage alone. To address in vitro whether glucocorticoids plus beta(2)-agonists, compared with glucocorticoids alone, have greater inhibitory activity on CD4+ T cell responses to allergen, peripheral blood CD4+ T cell responses to allergen were compared in the presence or absence of the glucocorticoid fluticasone proprionate and the short- and long-acting beta(2)-agonists salbutamol and salmeterol, respectively. Fluticasone proprionate inhibited interleukin (IL)-5 and IL-13 and enhanced IL-10 synthesis in allergen-stimulated cultures in a concentration-dependent manner. Salmeterol, but not salbutamol, inhibited IL-5 and IL-13 and enhanced IL-10 synthesis in these cultures. When used in combination the two drugs demonstrated an additive effect on this pattern of cytokine production. Allergen-specific T cell lines induced in the presence of salmeterol and fluticasone proprionate inhibited IL-5 and IL-13 production by allergen-specific Th2 cell lines in an IL-10-dependent manner. Thus fluticasone proprionate and salmeterol increased IL-10 and reduced Th2 cytokine synthesis additively in allergen stimulated human CD4+ T cells.

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