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Tuesday 01 November 2005

Pressure oscillation amplitude after interruption of tidal breathing as an index of change in airway mechanics in preschool children.

By: Bridge PD, Wertheim D, Jackson AC, McKenzie SA.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2005 Nov;40(5):420-5

Bronchodilator reversibility testing using change in airway resistance during interruption (Rint) is feasible in preschool children. Analysis of postocclusion oscillations of the mouth pressure-time transient (Pmo(t)), recorded during airflow interruption, may offer an alternative index of change in airway mechanics. We analyzed Pmo(t) oscillation amplitude in three different ways: 1) difference between the first relative maximum and minimum (AMxMn); 2) detection of the dominant frequency using Fourier analysis (AFS); and 3) curve-fitting based on a mathematical model (ACurv). In 25 asymptomatic asthmatic children, aged 2.5-5.6 years, who had undertaken reversibility testing, the correlation coefficients between baseline Rint and amplitude were: AMxMn r = -0.84, AFS r = -0.82, ACurv r = -0.84. The coefficient of variation (CoV) of readings contributing to baseline Rint measurement, as median (range), was 12% (5-24%), which was not significantly different from AFS or ACurv (P > 0.05). All parameters were significantly different postbronchodilator (P < 0.001). Using the sensitivity index, i.e., the change after intervention divided by the baseline standard deviation, ACurv was the most sensitive and Rint the least sensitive, with median (range) at 2.72 (-0.84 to 12.10) and 1.91 (-1.17 to 9.50), respectively (P = 0.005). Our results suggest that oscillation amplitude analysis may provide a sensitive index of change in airway mechanics in preschool children undertaking bronchodilator reversibility testing. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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