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Wednesday 15 February 2006

The effect of beta2-adrenoceptor agonists on phospholipase C (beta1) signalling in human airway smooth muscle cells.

By: Sayers I, Swan C, Hall IP.

Eur J Pharmacol 2006 Feb 15;531(1-3):9-12

Prolonged use of beta2-adrenoceptor agonists has been associated with asthma exacerbation. Recently, phospholipase C-beta1 (PLC-beta1) induction in airway smooth muscle was proposed to underlie this phenomenon. We aimed to evaluate this mechanism in primary human airway smooth muscle cells. Stimulation of cells (1 microM isoprenaline or salbutamol for 2-48 h or 10(-9)-10(-4)M for 24 h) had no effect on PLC-beta1 gene expression. 1 microM beta2-adrenoceptor agonist treatment for 24 h did not alter sodium fluoride Inositol Phosphate (IP) responses, however augmented histamine IP responses (P<0.05). Therefore, beta2-adrenoceptor agonists can augment spasmogen responses in airway smooth muscle but not via a G-protein/PLC-beta1 mediated mechanism.

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