Custom Search


Tuesday 01 November 2005

Effect of fluticasone propionate-salmeterol therapy on seasonal changes in airway responsiveness and exhaled nitric oxide levels in patients with pollen-induced asthma.

By: Prieto L, Gutierrez V, Perez-Frances C, Badiola C, Lanuza A, Bruno L, Ferrer A.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2005 Nov;95(5):452-61

BACKGROUND: There has been concern that in allergic asthmatic patients there might be an interactive effect on inflammation between regular salmeterol use and exposure to allergens, resulting in increased airway responsiveness. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of salmeterol on allergen-induced changes in airway responsiveness and exhaled nitric oxide (ENO) levels in allergic asthmatic patients concomitantly taking inhaled corticosteroids. METHODS: Forty-two asthmatic patients sensitized to pollen allergens were randomly allocated to treatment with fluticasone propionate-salmeterol (n=21) or fluticasone propionate alone (n=21). Spirometry, the methacholine provocation concentration causing a 20% decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (PC20), the adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) PC20, and ENO levels were measured before and at the height of the pollen season after 6 weeks of treatment. RESULTS: Changes in the methacholine PC20, the AMP PC20, and ENO levels were not significantly different between treatment groups. No significant changes in the AMP PC20 were observed among the fluticasone propionate-salmeterol and fluticasone propionate groups during natural pollen exposure. However, a significant increase in the methacholine PC20 was observed in the fluticasone propionate-salmeterol group (P = .03) and in the fluticasone propionate group (P = .04); ENO concentrations decreased significantly in both groups during natural allergen exposure (P = .009 and .005). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with pollen-induced asthma, treatment with either fluticasone propionate or fluticasone propionate-salmeterol is associated with significant reductions in methacholine responsiveness and ENO concentrations, even during natural pollen exposure. Furthermore, at least in patients with mild asthma, natural allergen exposure and the regular use of fluticasone propionate-salmeterol are not associated with a greater increase in ENO levels and airway responsiveness than natural allergen exposure and fluticasone propionate use alone.

Use of this site is subject to the following terms of use