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Thursday 01 April 2004

Predicting the physical state of spray dried composites: salbutamol sulphate/lactose and salbutamol sulphate/polyethylene glycol co-spray dried systems.

By: Corrigan DO, Corrigan OI, Healy AM.

Int J Pharm 2004 Apr 1;273(1-2):171-82

The effect of spray drying salbutamol sulphate, salbutamol sulphate/lactose and salbutamol sulphate/polyethylene glycol (PEG) solutions was investigated. Co-spray drying salbutamol sulphate with lactose, which is amorphous when spray dried alone, resulted in amorphous composites. Co-spray drying salbutamol sulphate with PEG 4000 and PEG 20,000, which do not form amorphous systems when spray dried alone, resulted in systems of varying crystallinity, the crystallinity depending on the weight ratio of polymer to drug. Examination of the physical properties of these salbutamol sulphate co-spray dried systems and those of bendroflumethiazide/PEG and lactose/PEG composites suggested that the formation and physical stability of amorphous composites prepared by spray drying is dependent on whether the glass transition temperature, Tg, of one of the two components is high enough to result in a Tg of the composite sufficiently high that the Kauzmann temperature of the mix is greater than the temperature of storage. The modified Gordon-Taylor equation proved to be useful in predicting the likelihood that a two-component composite will be amorphous on spray drying. Furthermore, the Gordon-Taylor equation was also useful in predicting the likely physical stability of amorphous two component composites and predicted that even polymers with apparently low Tgs, such as PEGs, may be stabilised in an amorphous composite by a suitable additive having a sufficiently high Tg.

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