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Wednesday 01 September 2004

Effects of high-dose inhaled fluticasone propionate on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in asthmatic patients with severely impaired lung function.

By: Lee DK, Bates CE, Currie GP, Cowan LM, McFarlane LC, Lipworth BJ.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2004 Sep;93(3):253-8

BACKGROUND: The effects of high-dose fluticasone propionate therapy on dynamic cortisol stimulation in severe asthma are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the human corticotropin-releasing factor (hCRF)-stimulated plasma cortisol response to fluticasone propionate therapy in severe asthmatic patients with impaired airway caliber (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] < 60% of predicted) and in control subjects. METHODS: Ten severe asthmatic patients (mean FEV1, 47% of predicted) and 10 controls (mean FEV1, 104% of predicted) received fluticasone propionate, 2,000 microg/d, via a 750-mL primed spacer for 2 weeks. Plasma cortisol levels before and after hCRF stimulation and overnight 10-hour urinary cortisol excretion corrected for creatinine concentration (OUCC) were measured at baseline after washout and 12 hours after the last dose of fluticasone propionate. RESULTS: Baseline values before fluticasone propionate use were not significantly different in asthmatic patients vs controls for plasma cortisol before and after hCRF stimulation and OUCC. Comparing values at baseline vs after fluticasone propionate use, there was no significant suppression of plasma cortisol levels before (378.2 vs 357.4 nmol/L) or after (510.5 vs 507.9 nmol/L) hCRF stimulation or OUCC (8.2 vs 7.5 nmoL/mmoL) in asthmatic patients. In controls, all outcomes were significantly suppressed comparing values before vs after fluticasone propionate therapy: plasma cortisol levels before (423.5 vs 200.2 nmol/L; P = .002) and after (503.5 vs 291.1 nmol/L; P = .001) hCRF stimulation and OUCC (6.5 vs 2.4 nmol/mmol; P = .002). CONCLUSION: Patients with severe persistent asthma and impaired airway caliber seem to be protected from developing systemic adverse effects with high-dose fluticasone propionate therapy, as evaluated by basal and dynamic measures of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity.

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