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Thursday 01 May 2003

Effect of detergent-coated versus non-coated spacers on bronchodilator response in children with asthma.

By: Barben JU, Roberts M, Robertson CF.

J Paediatr Child Health 2003 May-Jun;39(4):270-3

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated that coating spacers with ionic detergents minimizes the static charge and thereby improves in vivo drug deposition. The present study aims to examine the effect of coated spacers versus non-coated spacers in the clinical situation. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind study in children with asthma and a ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 s to forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) of < or =72% predicted was carried out. Spirometry was performed at baseline and at 10 min and 20 min after inhalation of two puffs of salbutamol (100 microg/puff) through either a detergent-coated or a non-coated spacer. RESULTS: Fifty children were studied (mean age 11.6 years, range 7-18 years): 26 in the group using coated spacers (CG); and 24 in the group using non-coated spacers (NCG). The mean percentage change in FEV1 from baseline 10 min after inhalation was 18.8% (range 5-50%) in the CG versus 18.5% (range 3-35%) in the NCG. At 20 min after inhalation, the per cent increase in FEV1 was 19.8% (range 0-50%) in the CG versus 19.5% (range 9-35%) in the NCG. There was no significant difference between groups in the percentage change in FEV1 after 10 min (P = 0.91), or after 20 min (P = 0.93). CONCLUSIONS: There was no improvement in bronchodilatation from detergent-coated spacers in the present study, possibly because a maximal bronchodilator response was achieved with the lower output.

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