Custom Search

News

Monday 01 September 2003

Cytokine release and adhesion molecule expression by stimulated human bronchial epithelial cells are downregulated by salmeterol.

By: Sabatini F, Silvestri M, Sale R, Serpero L, Di Blasi P, Rossi GA.

Respir Med 2003 Sep;97(9):1052-60

Summary beta2-adrenoreceptor agonists are able to modulate various aspects of airway cell functions involved in the inflammatory and repair processes characterizing a variety of respiratory disorders. Human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs), which can act as immune effector cells and express beta2-adrenoreceptors, were used to test the effects of different concentrations (0.1-100.0 nM) of salmeterol (Salm) on adhesion molecule expression and chemokine/cytokine release. HBECs, freshly isolated from resected bronchi at the time of surgery in ex-smokers with lung cancer, constitutively expressed over 3 times more ICAM-1 than VCAM-1 (P<0.05) and secreted greater amounts of IL-8 than of GM-CSF or RANTES (P<0.001). Stimulation of HBECs with IL-4, TNF-alpha or IL-4 plus TNF-alpha-upregulated ICAM-1 expression (P<0.05) and increased GM-CSF and IL-8 secretion (P<0.05). Similarly, VCAM-1 expression was significantly increased by IL-4 plus TNF-alpha, while RANTES release was significantly enhanced by IL-4 or by IL-4 plus TNF-alpha (P<0.05), but not by TNF-alpha alone (P>0.05). Dose-response curves showed that Salm, at concentration >1.0 nM, was effective in inhibiting adhesion molecule expression and cytokine release by HBECs (P<0.05). At a Salm concentration of 10 nM the degree of inhibition observed was similar for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression (37.2 +/- 9.3% and 32.9 +/- 9.6%, respectively; P>0.05), but higher for RANTES (88.4 +/- 4.4%), as compared to IL-8 (21.8 +/- 7.0%) or GM-CSF (30.1 +/- 6.6%; P<0.05, each comparison). Thus, adhesion molecules and cytokines may be expressed/released at very different levels by unstimulated or stimulated HBECs and those activities appear to be modulated by Salm.

Use of this site is subject to the following terms of use