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Monday 01 September 2003

Cytokine release and adhesion molecule expression by stimulated human bronchial epithelial cells are downregulated by salmeterol.

By: Sabatini F, Silvestri M, Sale R, Serpero L, Di Blasi P, Rossi GA.

Respir Med 2003 Sep;97(9):1052-60

Summary beta2-adrenoreceptor agonists are able to modulate various aspects of airway cell functions involved in the inflammatory and repair processes characterizing a variety of respiratory disorders. Human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs), which can act as immune effector cells and express beta2-adrenoreceptors, were used to test the effects of different concentrations (0.1-100.0 nM) of salmeterol (Salm) on adhesion molecule expression and chemokine/cytokine release. HBECs, freshly isolated from resected bronchi at the time of surgery in ex-smokers with lung cancer, constitutively expressed over 3 times more ICAM-1 than VCAM-1 (P<0.05) and secreted greater amounts of IL-8 than of GM-CSF or RANTES (P<0.001). Stimulation of HBECs with IL-4, TNF-alpha or IL-4 plus TNF-alpha-upregulated ICAM-1 expression (P<0.05) and increased GM-CSF and IL-8 secretion (P<0.05). Similarly, VCAM-1 expression was significantly increased by IL-4 plus TNF-alpha, while RANTES release was significantly enhanced by IL-4 or by IL-4 plus TNF-alpha (P<0.05), but not by TNF-alpha alone (P>0.05). Dose-response curves showed that Salm, at concentration >1.0 nM, was effective in inhibiting adhesion molecule expression and cytokine release by HBECs (P<0.05). At a Salm concentration of 10 nM the degree of inhibition observed was similar for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression (37.2 +/- 9.3% and 32.9 +/- 9.6%, respectively; P>0.05), but higher for RANTES (88.4 +/- 4.4%), as compared to IL-8 (21.8 +/- 7.0%) or GM-CSF (30.1 +/- 6.6%; P<0.05, each comparison). Thus, adhesion molecules and cytokines may be expressed/released at very different levels by unstimulated or stimulated HBECs and those activities appear to be modulated by Salm.

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